Five on a Treasure Island (The Famous Five 1) - Summary

Enid Blyton

Five on a Treasure Island (The Famous Five 1) Book Cover


“Five on a Treasure Island” is the first book in the popular children’s series, “The Famous Five,” written by Enid Blyton. Published in 1942, this thrilling adventure follows the escapades of four cousins, Julian, Dick, Anne, and George (short for Georgina), along with their loyal dog, Timmy. The story takes place during the summer holidays when the children visit George’s home, Kirrin Cottage, and stumble upon an exciting treasure hunt on Kirrin Island. With its engaging narrative, intriguing characters, and a dash of mystery, “Five on a Treasure Island” captures the imagination of young readers and continues to be a beloved classic.

The Characters

The book introduces us to the four main characters, each with their unique personalities and strengths. Julian, the oldest of the cousins, is responsible and dependable. Dick, the second oldest, is clever and resourceful. Anne, the youngest girl, is kind-hearted and curious. George, the tomboyish cousin, is fiercely independent and loves adventure. Together, they form a dynamic group, complementing each other’s abilities and adding depth to the story.

Enid Blyton masterfully brings these characters to life, allowing readers to connect with their individual quirks and traits. For example, George’s love for her dog, Timmy, is evident throughout the story. Timmy becomes an integral part of the group, displaying loyalty and bravery, and often saving the day. Blyton’s use of anecdotes and interactions between the characters makes them relatable and endearing to readers.

The Setting

The story is primarily set on Kirrin Island, an uninhabited island owned by George’s family. Blyton’s vivid descriptions transport readers to this idyllic location, with its rocky cliffs, sandy beaches, and hidden caves. The island becomes a character in itself, providing an atmospheric backdrop for the adventure.

Blyton’s attention to detail is evident in her portrayal of Kirrin Cottage, George’s home. The cottage is described as an old, ivy-covered building with secret passages and hidden treasures. The children’s excitement at exploring the cottage and its surroundings is contagious, drawing readers into their world of imagination and discovery.

The Adventure Begins

The story kicks off when the children arrive at Kirrin Cottage for their summer holidays. George, who is known for her love of mysteries, shares her excitement about Kirrin Island and its rumored hidden treasure. Intrigued, the cousins embark on a quest to uncover the secrets of the island.

As the children explore the island, they encounter various obstacles and clues that lead them closer to the treasure. Blyton’s use of suspense and foreshadowing keeps readers on the edge of their seats, eagerly turning the pages to unravel the mystery alongside the characters.

Themes of Friendship and Teamwork

One of the underlying themes in “Five on a Treasure Island” is the importance of friendship and teamwork. The cousins’ bond grows stronger as they face challenges together, relying on each other’s strengths and supporting one another. Blyton emphasizes the power of unity and collaboration, teaching young readers the value of working as a team to overcome obstacles.

An example of this is when the children encounter a dangerous cave while searching for the treasure. They rely on Julian’s leadership, Dick’s resourcefulness, Anne’s intuition, and George’s bravery to navigate the treacherous path. Through their combined efforts, they not only survive but also discover a crucial clue that brings them closer to their goal.

Lessons in Courage and Resilience

Throughout the story, the children face moments of danger and uncertainty. Blyton uses these situations to impart valuable lessons in courage and resilience. The characters demonstrate bravery by confronting their fears and standing up to adversity.

One such instance occurs when George, Julian, and Dick find themselves trapped in a hidden underground passage. Despite the darkness and uncertainty, they remain calm and resourceful, finding a way to escape. This teaches young readers the importance of staying strong in challenging situations and finding solutions instead of giving in to fear.

The Thrill of Discovery

The treasure hunt aspect of the story adds an element of excitement and intrigue. Blyton cleverly incorporates clues and puzzles for the children to solve, keeping readers engaged and eager to uncover the hidden treasure alongside the characters.

As the children decipher codes, explore secret passages, and unravel the mysteries of Kirrin Island, readers are swept up in the thrill of discovery. Blyton’s ability to create a sense of wonder and adventure makes “Five on a Treasure Island” an enthralling read for young audiences.


“Five on a Treasure Island” by Enid Blyton is a captivating book that combines adventure, mystery, and friendship. Through the engaging characters and the vividly described setting, Blyton transports readers to a world of hidden treasures and thrilling escapades. The themes of friendship, teamwork, courage, and resilience resonate with young readers, imparting valuable life lessons in an entertaining and engaging manner. This timeless classic continues to inspire the imaginations of children and remains a beloved favorite for generations.

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